A recent series posted on Psychology Today:
"Equity for Twice-Exceptional Students"
An interview with Dr. Deanna Westedt, Ed.D., on serving gifted students with learning challenges.
by Jenny Grant Rankin, Ph.D.

Part 1 (July 20, 2020)
Part 2 (July 21, 2020)
Part 3 (July 22, 2020)

Originally Posted By: Part 1 (July 20, 2020)
Research suggests 2.5 to 36 percent of gifted students are 2e (with 17 percent being one of the most common findings), though the number of students recognized as 2e can be much lower due to issues like disabilities masking giftedness (just as giftedness can mask disabilities)...

Originally Posted By: Part 3
...students who were... grouped according to their true ability on the skill being taught, reported significantly higher satisfaction rates with their small group learning and a more positive perception of themselves as learners. They felt good about their contributions and interactions with each other.
This reinforces that to achieve a good "fit," students need appropriate challenge and academic/intellectual peers.

A related question:
With "academic challenges related to conditions such as dyspraxia, dyslexia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, dyscalculia, autism spectrum disorder, and Tourette syndrome" do neurodiverse learners benefit from disability labels and advocacy under disability laws?

Related articles on Psychology Today:
- Neurodiversity
- Is Autism Becoming Neurodiversity (Oct 2019)
- Mom, Am I Disabled? (Nov 2016)